Sport is about making unnecessary domestic efforts
As we can not separate good from evil
Unnecessary domestic efforts like sports are good


Sport is a set of physical exercises practiced in the form of individual or collective games which may give rise to competitions. Sport is an almost universal phenomenon in time and in human space. Ancient Greece, ancient Rome, Byzantium, the medieval then modern West, but also pre-Columbian America or Asia, are all marked by the importance of sport. Certain periods are especially marked by prohibitions.


According to the broad interpretation of the concept, sport is a universal phenomenon in time and in human space, and, to use a Byzantine maxim, “people without sport are sad people”. A number of phenomena that seem recent have in fact accompanied the history of sport from the start: from professionalism to doping, from supporters to refereeing problems.

Greece, Rome, Byzantium, the medieval then modern West, but also Pre-Columbian America or Asia, all give importance to sportsmen.

Certain periods are especially marked by prohibitions concerning the sport, as is the case in Great Britain from the Middle Ages to the Modern era.

Questioned on the question, the English Justice thus decided in 1748 that cricket is not an illegal game.

This sport, like all the others, appeared on royal edicts of prohibition regularly published by British monarchs from the 11th to the 15th century. In 1477, the practice of a “prohibited game” was thus punishable by three years in prison.

Despite the ban, the practice continues, requiring an almost permanent reminder of the rule.

Play is one of the cornerstones of 16th century humanist education. The Ancients already put physical and intellectual education on the same level. Pythagoras was a brilliant philosopher who was also wrestling champion then trainer of the great champion Milon de Crotone.

The Renaissance rediscovers the educational virtues of sport and, from Montaigne to Rabelais via Girolamo Mercuriale, all the authors at the base of the humanist movement integrate sport into education (read Gargantua for example).

Each era has had its queen discipline.

Antiquity was the golden age of chariot racing. For more than a millennium, charioteers, charioteers of racing chariots, were “stars” adored by crowds throughout the Roman Empire.

The tournament, which consists in waging a real battle of knights, but “without hatred”, was the fashionable activity in the West between the 11th and 13th centuries (do not confuse the tournament and the equestrian game, very of the tournament).

The violence of the tournament caused its loss, especially since the game of palm imposed itself from the thirteenth century and until the seventeenth century as the king sport in the West.

This racket game ignites Paris, France and the rest of the Western world.

The 18th century saw the decline of the tennis court and the arrival, or rather the return, of horse racing which became the king sport of the 18th and 19th centuries.

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