Troubled

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Troubled: A state of restlessness, worry, confusion or emotion in which a person finds himself.

A mental disorder, which can also be designated under the terms of psychiatric disorder or mental disorder, indicates a set of ailments and disorders of very different origins causing difficulties in the life of an individual and / or his entourage , emotional and behavioral pain and suffering.

Psychological disorders affect all populations, regardless of sex or age.

These disorders can be chronic or permanent. It is possible to contact the attending physician or a psychiatrist, a psychologist, or a neuropsychiatrist.

The most common examples of mental disorders are bipolar disorder, schizophrenic disorder, eating behavior disorder, depression disorder, addiction related to the consumption of alcohol or other psychoactive substances, anxiety, phobias, etc.

These disorders can lead to voluntary or forced hospitalization subject to protection of the general interest and compliance with the law, including the setting of psychiatric hospitals or specialized clinics.

Diagnostics

Diagnoses are made by clinical psychologists and psychiatrists using many methods, often based on specific questionnaires, interviews or observations. Medical and psychotherapeutic treatments can then be offered.

Understanding of mental health differs across cultures and eras, as does its criteria, classifications and definition. Troubled

Discrimination and stigmatization linked to certain disorders have led to the creation of social movements, patient associations or awareness campaigns.

History

Psychiatric disorders have been around since the prehistoric era, when primitive civilizations used trepanation as a remedy for ailments and other types of mental disorders.

Subsequently, ancient civilizations have identified and treated a good number of mental disorders.

The Greeks credit the terms melancholy, hysteria and phobia and develop the theory of moods.

Theories and treatments were developed during the Ottoman Empire, especially in the Islamic world of the 8th century, during which time psychiatric hospitals were built.

The conceptions of madness during the Middle Ages and in Christian Europe were a mixture of diabolical, magical, divine and humorous considerations.

For centuries, people with mental disorders were victims of witch hunters during the Black Death period.

Beginning of classification

Most of the current terms for mental disorders were first used during the 16th and 17th centuries.
In the 19th century, industrialization and population growth led to a massive development in the number and size of lunatic asylums in Western Europe.

Many classification systems and diagnostic terms were then created by the competent authorities (the term psychiatry was coined in 1808 by Johann Christian Reil).

Doctors specializing in the care of patients with mental health problems are known as alienists.

Classification

During the 20th century, in the United States, preventions concerning mental disorders were organized. Clinical and social psychology becomes work.

The First World War massively influenced the conditions of the term called “shell shock”.

The Second World War saw the birth of a new manual categorizing the various mental disorders in the United States, exposing statistics and other references brought to the aid of hospitals, whose classifications led to the creation of the first Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of mental disorders (DSM).

The International Classification of Diseases (ICD) lists a section of mental disorders. Through the 1990s, antidepressants became the most widely used and widely used drugs.

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